Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is a protected area located in the eastern Terai region of Nepal. It covers an area of 175 square kilometers and was established in 1976 to protect the habitat of several endangered species of birds, fish, and mammals.
The reserve is situated in the floodplain of the Koshi River and is home to over 400 species of birds, including the endangered Bengal florican and the sarus crane. The reserve is also an important habitat for the endangered Ganges River dolphin, which can be seen swimming in the river.
In addition to its avian and aquatic residents, Koshi Tappu is also home to several species of mammals, including wild buffalo, spotted deer, and blue bulls. Visitors to the reserve can take guided walks, bird watching tours, and boat trips to explore the diverse ecosystem.
Koshi Tappu is also an important site for scientific research and has been the subject of numerous studies on bird migration, river ecology, and floodplain dynamics. The reserve's visitor center and research station provide educational exhibits and information on the reserve's ongoing conservation efforts.
The Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is a unique and important destination for nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts visiting Nepal. Its diverse ecosystem and endangered species make it a valuable site for both conservation and scientific research.